Implications for the Integration of Science with Practice
Narina Nunez - Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming
Debra Ann Poole - Department of Psychology, Central Michigan University
Amina Memon - Department of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Scotland
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Narina Nunez, Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071-3415. E-mail: Narina@uwyo.edu.
A national survey evaluated psychologists' opinions on professional and epistemological issues in clinical psychology. Clinical and nonclinical groups diverged markedly on two questions. The majority of clinical psychologists indicated that "alternative ways of knowing, for which the scientific method is irrelevant," should be valued and supported, whereas few nonclinical psychologists agreed. Clinical psychologists were also more supportive of the value of "intuitions based upon one's experiences during clinical practice" than were nonclinical psychologists. Variability within the clinical group was large, however, and involvement in both clinical practice and research correlated with attitudes. The overlap between groups on most issues suggests optimism about the future of a unified field of psychology, but the data forecast continued conflict regarding epistemological issues.